Reform vs Revolution by Rosa Luxemburg
About this session
This book deals with the most central debate in the socialist movement for the last 150 years. Luxemburg argues for revolution, explaining why capitalism cannot be defeated through gradual reforms. She also puts forward one of the earliest and clearest expositions of the Marxist attitude to the fight for reforms, the state, liberal democracy, and the character of the working class revolution. These arguments are presented in opposition to Edward Bernstein's 'evolutionary socialist' theories, which rejected Marxism in favor of trade unionism and parliamentary procedures. Contemporary readers will find his reformist arguments eerily familiar.