The Italian Left and the factory councils in the 'Red Years': 1919-1920
About this session
In the wake of the First World War and the Russian Revolution, Italy was swept by a militant wave of strikes and factory occupations which raised the spectre of communism and struck fear in the hearts of the capitalist class. As the working class moved into battle, all sections of the left were tested, from reformists, to anarchists, to Marxist revolutionaries. What can socialists today learn from the achievements and failures of Italy’s ‘two red years’?